In Lesson 2 of Python Regular Expression Easy Tutorial, we’ll learn to find text of specific pattern. For example the text patterns like – he99, email@example.com , PQ675a, etc
In this Python Regular Expression Easy Tutorial we step up to another level. To find these type of strings we have to make the search pattern using some special Characters.
Use special Characters in Python:
import re text = "gone123" patt = "[w]" print re.search(patt,text).group()
will match only first occurring word
also do the same thing with compile() method in more efficient way:
import re text = "gone123" m = re.compile("[w]") print m.search(text).group()
output will be same as above
re.comile() is used to make object of our pattern, is used basically in Object Oriented Programming Style.
some special Characters for pattern matching are:
w match world
Text = “gone123” Pattern = [w] Result = g
d match decimal (digits)
Text = “gone123” Pattern = [d] Result = 1
s match whitespace
Text = “go to home” Pattern = [w][s][w] Result = o t #will search first occurrence of Letter Space Letter.
n match newline
b match boundary
More Special Operators (also Called Meta characters / WildCards):
+ match 1 or more occurrence of preceding character
* match 0 or more occurrence of preceding character
? match 0 or 1 character of preceding pattern.
. match any one character at its place.
pattern = “h.s” will match : has, his, hus
[ ] match range of character ,
e.g [a-z] matches all a to z, [0-9] matches all digits 0 to 9
EXAMPLE IN PYTHON
import re text = "gone 123" m = re.compile("[w]+") print m.search(text).group()
output : gone